Hiring and working with an engineering firm is a complex endeavor. The engineering consultancy may be a one man operated consultancy or a multinational company that provides integrated solutions for construction, operation and maintenance of facilities. Engineering is a wide area with vast levels of expertise and specializations. Some consultancies may specialize in a particular area of expertise while others may provide a wide range of services. The traditional types of engineering are civil, mechanical, electrical and chemical while there are several other specializations like environmental, structural, geotechnical, manufacturing, and aerospace. There are other relatively new fields of engineering like materials, ceramics, petroleum, nuclear, industrial, process, architectural, forensic and subsurface utilities.
Chennai is a big city which is constantly developing new projects and renovation of existing physical structures. Civil engineering consultants in Chennai have a great scope in the public domain. The job role of a civil engineer is not limited to the engineering of concrete structures like roads, bridges and wastewater treatment plants but extends to all other fields of engineering too. Geotechnical engineering refers to engineering undergrounds such as building foundations, landfills and bridge piers. Environmental engineering is gaining significance in today’s world as it works with regulations to ensure that companies follow guidelines for easy clean-up, remediation and to prevent pollution of air, land and water bodies. There are more details at bwstructuraldesign.com
Electrical engineering deals with power generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. It also deals with the electrical systems in buildings and fire safety. They may even concern themselves with computers, control and instrumentation, and software. Mechanical engineering takes part in mechanical, electrical and plumbing engineering. It also involves designing of systems to operate buildings, heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) of buildings and industries, electrical, piping and fire safety. Mechanical engineers may also be involved in the designing of company products, right from initial concept and prototype to production. Thus mechanical engineering is relevant in both public and private sectors. Many consultancies may offer electrical engineering and mechanical engineering in combination to the public sector for the construction of physical structures.
Engineering consultancies may specialize in on engineering discipline or a combination of disciplines. In order to offer their services to the public, engineers and consultancies must hold licenses that permit them to practice their skills. Licensing is in the best interest of the public, to ensure their safety and welfare. Constructions and physical structures need to be designed and constructed with a level of competence so that those using these structures are safe in them. All engineers in the firm do not need to be licensed, but an engineer overseeing a project must be licensed.
The engineering license is granted in two parts. Engineers with a Bachelor’s degree can appear for the Engineer in Training (EIT) exam that covers the fundamentals of engineering theory. Once the engineer has obtained at least 4 years of experience in engineering under a licensed engineer, they can appear for the Professional engineer examination which deals with the practical aspects of engineering. The professional engineer examination is specific for different disciplines.
Engineering firms do not always need to have licensed engineers on their staff as long as they extend their services to other businesses instead of the public. It is an industry exclusion which states that and engineer working for the industry need not be licensed. Such engineering firms are usually engaged in mechanical design work and are an extension of a company’s in-house engineering department. Companies may employ an outside firm when they are short of staff and retain them until the end of a particular project for which they have been hired.
Consultancies may be hired by various engineering entities and client types in both private and public sectors. Public institutions like educational or hospitals, government agencies and municipalities, land and property developers, construction and large engineering firms, architects and building owners are the most likely chances to employ an engineering consultancy. Government agencies often hire firms for major projects and municipalities often hire a firm on a long term basis for the handling of engineering related projects and services within the jurisdiction. Large engineering firms may often hire subcontractors to execute smaller parts of the design work. Architects too hire engineers to work as subcontractors on building projects designed by them. Engineers may be independently hired by individuals to inspect buildings and to investigate structural problems.
Traditionally an engineering firm designs building projects and the project owner hires a construction firm for the construction of the project. A new trend that has been observed in recent years is the design-build method in which an engineering firm and a construction firm collaborate and present a bid to the project owner and provide an all round package for the design and completion of the project. This eliminates the need for project sequence as several functions can be operated at once and saves time. In the latter method, almost always the engineer and construction contractor are familiar with each other and work amicably towards successful completion of the project.
The successful design and completion of a building project depend majorly on the engineering firm. The project greatly depends on the engineering firm to decide upon the cost, performance and quality of its entire lifecycle. Structural design companies in Chennai have an important role to play here. Check out asecaddesign.com for more details. Choosing the right engineering firm mostly by qualification based selection is crucial to the quality and successful completion of the project. Very often the project owners may choose an engineering firm or consultancy based on their reputation and portfolio.